Hameed Jan Haji knows what it means to be inside a coal mine. A septuagenarian, he no more does heavy work of cutting and extracting coal but still clears coal dust or cooks for the miners in Machh, Balochistan — making rupees a day. Gap-toothed but sturdy, he confidently fishes out an identity card as if his whole being is dependent on it. It does not seem to matter to him that the mere mention of PMDC invokes memories of a spate of tragic incidents over recent years. In , methane gas accumulated in a poorly ventilated PMDC-owned mine in the Sor Range area outside Quetta, causing multiple explosions that decimated the colliery and killed 45 miners.
Cruz was first arrested after breaking into Gomez's guest home on March 30, and he acknowledged in court on Wednesday that he trespassed at her property. You are completely dependent on getting your pigments substantially below market to make this work. Over cups of tea and plates of rice and meat, they socialise and exchange news from a distant home. Wages in coal mining are also higher compared to Gold farmer he exhibited stalking guild price of physical labour of other kinds. You could flip herbs and ore in addition to fish for instance. Since the district is a tribal area, with no formal police force and government-run courts, enforcement of official rules and regulations here has always been a big challenge. Low hills, with barely any human habitation or vegetation, swell and surge like ripples in land on both sides of the road that leads to the place. That is a start as you are not a beginner and can afford to take risks beginners cant.
New sexy myspace graphics. Finding suppliers
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Material flipping is one of the best markets for beginner gold makers looking to get better at the pure Auction House based methods.
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Material flipping is one of the best markets for beginner gold makers looking to get better at the pure Auction House based methods. The major advantage is of course that items generally sell quickly, so the margin of error is quite generous and you are very unlikely to lose a lot of gold or make particularly bad decisions.
These were written during Legion, but the basic idea remains the same. I have just started doing some material flipping on my challenge realm and you can see the resale summary for materials below. These are all from the last week! When flipping you are buying low and selling high. When flipping materials you are acting as an intermediary between farmers and crafters.
Demand for a lot of end items is highly variable over time. This also holds through for crafting mats. People who craft a lot like me will buy tons of stuff from the AH in one go. I can have sessions where I drop gold or more in 15 minutes. One very important thing to note is that flipping can be risky. If you buy the wrong amount at the wrong price you can lose gold. Look at the current AH situation and see if you can realistically resell the items quickly or not.
Farmers just want to get their gold usually. Crafters will prefer neatly stacked items at decent prices. When flipping Legion materials your goal is not to sell items above market price, but to buy them below. Selling in stacks of is usually best. There is a lot of gold to be made if you can find a farmer and buy directly without the AH in between. Large farmers will usually be willing to sell their mats below market if they can be sure you will buy it.
It can be a great competitive advantage both for flipping and crafting. I am only talking about BfA materials here. Herbs and food and fish are the top three because they are primarily used to craft consumables. This is great as it ensures high and very predictably variable demand. Enchanting materials are also used for consumables, but the materials are primarily created by mass crafting so supply is generally too even for flipping on my realm.
It could be different for you. Herbs are awesome to flip. Potion and flask demand peaks on raid reset day. Herb prices will generally fall throughout the week and hit bottom during the weekend.
Start with the basic herbs and then experiment with Ancor Weed using manual posting, as they are not used in the same amounts. You can get away with buying herbs at higher prices, as demand will usually spike the price above DBmarket during the week. Food and Fish materials are used in cooking recipes. Demand varies between the items based on what recipes they are used in.
The food recipes usually take 5 of each so you can usually sell large volumes without problem. Meaty Haunches and Stringy Loins will also sell in really large numbers. Pigments are used by Inscription. They are primarily used for Darkmoon Cards , and thus only the viridescent pigments or inks are really interesting. Demand can be uneven, but the market for decks is quite competitive.
If you want to enter this I suggest looking for cheap viridescent inks. I would not recommend going into the market for crimsons or ultramarines, at least not with my basic settings. You are completely dependent on getting your pigments substantially below market to make this work. Ore is sold by farmers, both smaller and larger.
Monelite ore is used for the various BS consumables as well as for leveling blacksmithing. Storm Silver is primarily used for blacksmithing gear and platinum ore is mostly used for prospecting. The end items are not all consumable so this market is riskier than the ones above but it can still be great. I do not suggest using my setup out of the box for flipping them.
Enchanting materials are typically primarily crafted by enchanters shuffling. As these people mass craft the items supply is steady. I would therefore generally suggest being careful flipping Gloom Dust and Umbra Shards.
Veiled Crystals are much harder to reliably craft on the other hand so they exhibit higher variability.
Your best bet is to sell to people who use the leather or cloth for the Expulsom shuffle, especially players who craft a lot of Honorable Combatant armor or the Darkmoon Decks. This means you need to buy your items well below market value, as this process is usually very price sensitive.
I have not yet tried my hand at flipping this market, so I am not sure which items are best. I would assume finding the items used for the shuffles for significantly less than market value to be the best way to make gold in this market. You can find my TSM settings in my pastebin. The group linked contains all the BfA materials and applies the same settings to all of them.
It will only undercut other stacks of the same size. You will typically want to improve it as you go. When you scan the result page will look like the screenshot below. I realized that my setup and approach above is a bit too focused on the way I flip, so I added this section for beginners. In this case I would say this applies to players below k. For you capital will be a limiting factor.
This means two things, you want to take on less risk, and you want to sell your stuff even faster to get some quick sales. It means you need to focus on a subset of materials. You should start with just one item at a time. Do not invest too much gold at a time. Your risk tolerance will have to be the guiding factor here. You should also use a more conservative setup. You can get a TSM group here that only contains the food and herb groups as well as settings with reduced price levels.
The group should include operations if the import worked correctly. Can you check if the groups contain the right items and that they all have operations attached? The groups seem to come in but they are missing the operations. Worth a try if you have not solved your problem. This applies the same for all Actions regardless of whether it was sold by bid or buyout. It is now the same regardless of stack size. For me I see a pro and con to this. Pro is single item listings for five pages will be reduced, as the profit margin is reduced for trolls.
Con is if you only have say five and and you want to dispose of them you will be at a loss. Also it is only applying to BfA mats, I have not seen much change in how prior expac mats are priced, although I have not been farming them due to current content so not sure on all the prior mats. Just wanna say thanks for during all the hard work.
Really enjoy following your posts and thoughts about goldmaking :-! Have a nice weekend. Beginner gold makers should stay away from any form of flipping until they have a sound understanding on how the economy in their servers work. By the time they have that understanding they are no longer beginners. You fail to mention that you need to have a large amount of disposable gold, that you are willing to lose, before you even start considering flipping mats.
There is so much fallacy in this post. Its very irresponsible on your part to promote so much misinformation. I disagree that flipping materials is risky. When crafting items you would be buying your materials at even higher prices which introduces more risk. Even the worst case is really a limited loss if you stick to markets with fast moving items like herbs and food. I also disagree that you need to know the market before you start flipping.
I think material flipping is the best way to learn the market actually. Generally speaking you learn more by doing.
All that being said I think my post is probably too focused on the way I flip materials, and not focused enough on how you would go about this if you are a newbie. I also disagree with you that material flipping requires a lot of capital, it can be done with as little as 10k, but your strategy would probably be different than my generic setup. The only thing with less risk iss really farming. Unless you decide to try to control the price of Anchor Weed or something.
You are contradicting yourself. Flipping items in the AH require the kind of capital that you are ready to lose.
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Hameed Jan Haji knows what it means to be inside a coal mine. A septuagenarian, he no more does heavy work of cutting and extracting coal but still clears coal dust or cooks for the miners in Machh, Balochistan — making rupees a day.
Gap-toothed but sturdy, he confidently fishes out an identity card as if his whole being is dependent on it. It does not seem to matter to him that the mere mention of PMDC invokes memories of a spate of tragic incidents over recent years. In , methane gas accumulated in a poorly ventilated PMDC-owned mine in the Sor Range area outside Quetta, causing multiple explosions that decimated the colliery and killed 45 miners.
In May last year, 23 miners died in two separate incidents on the same day in different parts of Balochistan. Seven of them were working in a PMDC mine. He was busy doing tikkum — breaking coal — when the mountain above him groaned. On hearing the rumble, he told his companions to leave. He found himself confined in a narrow space with his back against the coalface.
Wrinkles in his face deepen as he strains to recall that day in the year Or was it ? He is not sure. I turned and buried my face in coal. Three days and nights, he stayed trapped in that spot — no more than a foot in length and width because he could only either sit or stand. He would stand when his legs ached from crouching, hurt from being pressed against the rock face, and would sit when he got tired standing. Occasionally — only when he heard the mountain creak, afraid it would come down on him — he turned on his headlamp, mindful that its battery may run out.
And if they did, they would only find my bones here. Haji had no way of knowing that his colleagues, busy digging up the place for days to rescue him, had brought along a coffin to carry his supposedly decomposing remains for a quick burial. He waited and prayed. Sometime during that long agonising wait, he fell asleep. I dreamt that two men, their faces black from soot, came to me with a bottle.
They asked me to drink from it. I took a sip and woke up protesting that it was some medicine. There was nobody around but I felt refreshed as if I had drunk from a cool well. On the third day, his limbs gave up. Later that day he heard the diggers plowing. It means supporting a dug-up tunnel with wooden cross-beams before moving ahead.
It is a painfully slow and painstaking process. Eventually they came, having dug a hole barely enough for him to squeeze through. After he walked out alive, he did not think for a minute that his was a dangerous vocation. He could not give up mining. If not for himself, he had to work for his dependents — his wife and nine-year-old son. And he did not know what else to do. Back in Shangla district, in northern Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, his family did not know what he had been through.
He went home to see them soon after his rescue but returned to work in coal mines only a few days later — like he has been doing since when, as a year-old, he first came to Balochistan along with his father. To get a job, he told a mine contractor he could cook. That is exactly what he does now after having spent decades working inside mines.
As one goes down a mine, claustrophobia immediately sets in. It is like the panic one may feel at being buried alive. Only, at 3, feet under, it is much worse than being in a grave.
A mine has the feel of an ocean without the weight of water. The only burden one feels is that of emptiness, of darkness swirling around. Being inside a mine dissipates all sense of time except one associated with darkness. It is like an endless night. There is no view beyond what the spotlight of a headlamp reveals: the maw of a tunnel that disappears into the bowels of the earth or a wall that abruptly ends the possibilities of vision and movement.
The limited sight one has inside a mine makes one realise why moles are blind, why cavefish do not have eyes and why miners suffer from nystagmus — an ocular condition caused by living in poorly-lit places for long periods of time. In evolutionary terms, darkness degenerates eyesight.
Inside the pit of a mine, however, one may be grateful for a limited vision. Even if one could see, one would only be looking into a black hole — through the narrow confines of a tunnel that goes on and on without an end in sight.
Darkness and the limits of sight allow one to imagine. One could assume there are no walls around, no roof above; as if one is in an otherworldly place. The feelings — fear and shock — that come along with being in a mine can be called only as phobias. As with fear of depths, heights, tight places, the panic it causes can be felt but not described. Their experience is as surreal — and scary — as of those who go into the space or under the ocean.
In Balochistan, there are mines as deep as 7, feet, much deeper than the average depth of Arctic Ocean. No one can survive at those depths without oxygen tanks — except that miners do somehow. This comparison of mines with space and ocean is not an idle thought. The subterranean is as perilous as the aqueous and the airless. For if one stands vulnerable against hostile forces of nature in sea and space, then in mines there are parallels aplenty. If a disaster strikes within these dark subterranean dungeons, no one can hear coal miners scream.
T he centuries will burn rich loads With which we groaned, Whose warmth shall lull their dreaming lids, While songs are crooned; But they will not dream of us poor lads, Left in the ground. The West needed colossal amounts of coal for the Industrial Revolution. Among the nameless multitudes of miners who made it available was Ellison Jack. An eleven-year-old girl in Britain, she did 20 journeys a shift carrying a tub of coal that weighed kilogrammes. And if she slackened on the job, she got whipped.
Her story was a part of the shocking Mines Report the British parliament published in to shed light on the terrible state of coal mining in Britain. It brought to public knowledge how children under five years of age worked underground — for 12 hours and for two pennies a day. Carrying coal far too heavy than their own bodies caused deformities in them. In Pakistan, we have no miner girls but we do have boys, some as young as 13, who regularly leave homes to work in mines. He lives in Shangla from where hail a large number of colliers working in coal mines scattered across the country.
As Pakistan carousels on its great coal ride, the electricity we get from power plants, the homes we build with bricks made in coal-fired kilns and bags of cement we churn out in millions each year — all owe to the sweat and blood of young miners like Pir Mohammad, 13, in Dukki, Balochistan; Abdul Salam, 30, in Shangla, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa; or Hameed Jan Haji, 70, in Machh, Balochistan.
Like Ellison Jack, they are the nameless and faceless dynamos of our development. With stories and characters straight out of a bleak Dickensian world, these toilers of the dark, invisible subterranean places live, work and die far from sight, away from the luxuries built and developed on their labour.
They grow old in some distant, soot-blackened land at the end of unpaved roads no one but the miners take, their lives often spent living in hovels and holes in the hills. In the day, they toil in poorly-lit mines, coming out at night to live in settlements without electricity.
Mining landscapes — because they are remote and far removed from our everyday lives and experiences — challenge the visual quality one commonly associates with reading about a landscape.
Because of this inaccessibility — and also because of the cultural ambivalence of remembering a kind of labour that some would prefer to forget — the historical memory of these places is often buried away. Mine shafts become both literally and metaphorically sealed.
Coal may be a source of carbon that is choking the planet. In Pakistan, however, it is the new gold. From Thar in Sindh — with reserves of over billion tonnes — to Dukki in Balochistan, it is lightening up lives with the happy prospect of employment and power generation. As of today, however, little of it is being used for producing electricity. Most of it goes into firing smoke-spewing brick kilns which forced the smog-choked Punjab province — that guzzles most of the coal produced in different parts of Pakistan — to seek their closure in October last year.
Out of these, 3. Many parts of the globe have fully or partially banned coal mining Meghalaya in India, Wales in the United Kingdom, many regions in Australia, Germany and other European countries. Pakistan is certainly behind the rest of the world as far as its relationship with coal is concerned but now that we have started using it, the industrial prosperity of the developed world could well be our own. The prosperity will not come without a price, they say.
Spin Karez is a vast expanse of land outside Quetta, bleached and baked hard by the harsh sun. It is a haunting terrain where wind howls and dust devils rise out of nowhere to waltz jauntily before disintegrating and disappearing.
Low hills, with barely any human habitation or vegetation, swell and surge like ripples in land on both sides of the road that leads to the place. Further ahead, mountain peaks take on anthropomorphic contours: Koh-e-Murdar looks like a sleeping beauty gazing at a cloudless sky.
Along the way to Spin Karez is a coal depot, a land basin with low buildings and heaps of coal out in the open. Mining units are spread over a soot-blackened landscape here, livened up by colourful and bright trucks — some parked, others moving along the road, still others being loaded with coal. All day long, small trucks arrive at the depot from nearby mines to unload coal which is then loaded on to bigger trucks that take it to other parts of the country.
On a wintry Friday last year, the road from Spin Karez to Quetta has trucks and pickup vans carrying coal as well as coal miners, their faces covered for protection against wind and dust. These men, mostly from Swat, are going to Quetta to spend a weekly holiday. Next week, they will stay back at coal mines and another group will go on leave. In Quetta, they meet friends and family members working in other mining areas in Balochistan.