Weird tic, no doubt, but it worked. Now I more or less forget about it, outside of spacey moments when someone asks me to turn at a traffic light or move this way or that for a photograph. But once, after a bad sunburn sent me to the dermatologist, the doctor asked if I wanted to have it removed—not because it was cancerous, just because it was there—and I left her office in a huff. My beauty mark is a part of me! There was comfort in this certainty.
Previous Article Treasures Trove. Al-Arashi spent the latter part of making her way across the Moroccan, Algerian and Tunisian hinterlands. This tribal mark consists of curved and straight lines inscribed on both sides of the cheek. The Abaja style also consists of twelve horizontal lines, six lines per cheek. This article needs additional citations for verification.
Cartman french horn summer sucks. Top 5 Types of Yoruba Tribal Marks
Blazes can be very symmetrical, or they can wander down the face unevenly. Arabian horses have taught many youngsters about the joys and responsibilities of horse ownership. She has also unique black tatoo on her lips In addition to the bindi, some Hindu women also wear a line of red powder called sindur in the part of their hair to indicate a married status. The Arabian Horse Association recognizes the colors bay, gray, chestnut, black, and History of facial markings, but Arabians have all manner of white facial markings and white socks or stockings on their legs. Their backs are short, and ideally, they have sloping shoulders and powerful hindquarters. The whole nose Sex questions to ask a guy muzzle area can be white. If you need to fill out registration papersor documents like Coggins Tests, facial markings will be part of the identifying markings recorded for your horse. Owu tribal marks consist of six incisions on each side of the cheeks and peculiar to the indigenes of Owu, an historical city in Abeokutathe capital of Ogun State, Nigeria. See disclaimer. They would also lack the capacity for meaningful History of facial markings, such as greeting, stating and commanding.
Humans have marked their bodies with tattoos for thousands of years.
- Although there are several basic facial markings on horses, each marking will be unique in shape to each horse.
- The Yoruba tribal marks are scarifications which are specific identification and beautification marks designed on the face or body of the Yoruba people.
- The Arabian horse has one of the world's longest histories, going back thousands of years; its official breed registry is the oldest in the world.
- Facial marks are worn by Hindus to signify religious, cultural or marital status.
Humans have marked their bodies with tattoos for thousands of years. These permanent designs—sometimes plain, sometimes elaborate, always personal—have served as amulets, status symbols, declarations of love, signs of religious beliefs, adornments and even forms of punishment. In terms of tattoos on actual bodies, the earliest known examples were for a long time Egyptian and were present on several female mummies dated to c.
But following the more recent discovery of the Iceman from the area of the Italian-Austrian border in and his tattoo patterns, this date has been pushed back a further thousand years when he was carbon-dated at around 5, years old.
Following discussions with my colleague Professor Don Brothwell of the University of York, one of the specialists who examined him, the distribution of the tattooed dots and small crosses on his lower spine and right knee and ankle joints correspond to areas of strain-induced degeneration, with the suggestion that they may have been applied to alleviate joint pain and were therefore essentially therapeutic.
This would also explain their somewhat 'random' distribution in areas of the body which would not have been that easy to display had they been applied as a form of status marker. There's certainly evidence that women had tattoos on their bodies and limbs from figurines c. Also small bronze implements identified as tattooing tools were discovered at the town site of Gurob in northern Egypt and dated to c.
And then, of course, there are the mummies with tattoos, from the three women already mentioned and dated to c. Because this seemed to be an exclusively female practice in ancient Egypt, mummies found with tattoos were usually dismissed by the male excavators who seemed to assume the women were of "dubious status," described in some cases as "dancing girls. And although it has long been assumed that such tattoos were the mark of prostitutes or were meant to protect the women against sexually transmitted diseases, I personally believe that the tattooing of ancient Egyptian women had a therapeutic role and functioned as a permanent form of amulet during the very difficult time of pregnancy and birth.
This is supported by the pattern of distribution, largely around the abdomen, on top of the thighs and the breasts, and would also explain the specific types of designs, in particular the net-like distribution of dots applied over the abdomen.
During pregnancy, this specific pattern would expand in a protective fashion in the same way bead nets were placed over wrapped mummies to protect them and "keep everything in. This would ultimately explain tattoos as a purely female custom. Although we have no explicit written evidence in the case of ancient Egypt, it may well be that the older women of a community would create the tattoos for the younger women, as happened in 19th-century Egypt and happens in some parts of the world today.
It is possible that an implement best described as a sharp point set in a wooden handle, dated to c. Petrie at the site of Abydos may have been used to create tattoos. Petrie also found the aforementioned set of small bronze instruments c.
If tied together in a bunch, they would provide repeated patterns of multiple dots. These instruments are also remarkably similar to much later tattooing implements used in 19th-century Egypt.
The English writer William Lane observed, "the operation is performed with several needles generally seven tied together: with these the skin is pricked in a desired pattern: some smoke black of wood or oil , mixed with milk from the breast of a woman, is then rubbed in It is generally performed at the age of about 5 or 6 years, and by gipsy-women. Most examples on mummies are largely dotted patterns of lines and diamond patterns, while figurines sometimes feature more naturalistic images.
The tattoos occasionally found in tomb scenes and on small female figurines which form part of cosmetic items also have small figures of the dwarf god Bes on the thigh area. Usually a dark or black pigment such as soot was introduced into the pricked skin. It seems that brighter colors were largely used in other ancient cultures, such as the Inuit who are believed to have used a yellow color along with the more usual darker pigments. That it appears to have been restricted to women during the purely dynastic period, i.
Also the way in which some of the designs can be seen to be very well placed, once it is accepted they were used as a means of safeguarding women during pregnancy and birth. Can you describe the tattoos used in other ancient cultures and how they differ? Among the numerous ancient cultures who appear to have used tattooing as a permanent form of body adornment, the Nubians to the south of Egypt are known to have used tattoos.
The mummified remains of women of the indigenous C-group culture found in cemeteries near Kubban c.
The ancient Egyptians also represented the male leaders of the Libyan neighbors c. The Scythian Pazyryk of the Altai Mountain region were another ancient culture which employed tattoos. In , the 2, year old body of a Scythian male was discovered preserved in ice in Siberia, his limbs and torso covered in ornate tattoos of mythical animals.
Then, in , a woman with tattoos, again of mythical creatures on her shoulders, wrists and thumb and of similar date, was found in a tomb in Altai. The practice is also confirmed by the Greek writer Herodotus c. Accounts of the ancient Britons likewise suggest they too were tattooed as a mark of high status, and with "divers shapes of beasts" tattooed on their bodies, the Romans named one northern tribe "Picti," literally "the painted people.
Yet amongst the Greeks and Romans, the use of tattoos or "stigmata" as they were then called, seems to have been largely used as a means to mark someone as "belonging" either to a religious sect or to an owner in the case of slaves or even as a punitive measure to mark them as criminals. It is therefore quite intriguing that during Ptolemaic times when a dynasty of Macedonian Greek monarchs ruled Egypt, the pharaoh himself, Ptolemy IV B. The fashion was also adopted by Roman soldiers and spread across the Roman Empire until the emergence of Christianity, when tattoos were felt to "disfigure that made in God's image" and so were banned by the Emperor Constantine A.
We have also examined tattoos on mummified remains of some of the ancient pre-Columbian cultures of Peru and Chile, which often replicate the same highly ornate images of stylized animals and a wide variety of symbols found in their textile and pottery designs. One stunning female figurine of the Naszca culture has what appears to be a huge tattoo right around her lower torso, stretching across her abdomen and extending down to her genitalia and, presumably, once again alluding to the regions associated with birth.
Then on the mummified remains which have survived, the tattoos were noted on torsos, limbs, hands, the fingers and thumbs, and sometimes facial tattooing was practiced.
With extensive facial and body tattooing used among Native Americans, such as the Cree, the mummified bodies of a group of six Greenland Inuit women c. Infrared examination revealed that five of the women had been tattooed in a line extending over the eyebrows, along the cheeks and in some cases with a series of lines on the chin.
Another tattooed female mummy, dated 1, years earlier, was also found on St. Lawrence Island in the Bering Sea, her tattoos of dots, lines and hearts confined to the arms and hands. Evidence for tattooing is also found amongst some of the ancient mummies found in China's Taklamakan Desert c. The elaborate tattoos of the Polynesian cultures are thought to have developed over millennia, featuring highly elaborate geometric designs, which in many cases can cover the whole body.
Following James Cook's British expedition to Tahiti in , the islanders' term "tatatau" or "tattau," meaning to hit or strike, gave the west our modern term "tattoo. Modern Japanese tattoos are real works of art, with many modern practioners, while the highly skilled tattooists of Samoa continue to create their art as it was carried out in ancient times, prior to the invention of modern tattooing equipment. Various cultures throughout Africa also employ tattoos, including the fine dots on the faces of Berber women in Algeria, the elaborate facial tattoos of Wodabe men in Niger and the small crosses on the inner forearms which mark Egypt's Christian Copts.
Each tattoo design was unique to that individual and since it conveyed specific information about their status, rank, ancestry and abilities, it has accurately been described as a form of id card or passport, a kind of aesthetic bar code for the face.
After sharp bone chisels were used to cut the designs into the skin, a soot-based pigment would be tapped into the open wounds, which then healed over to seal in the design. With the tattoos of warriors given at various stages in their lives as a kind of rite of passage, the decorations were regarded as enhancing their features and making them more attractive to the opposite sex.
Although Maori women were also tattooed on their faces, the markings tended to be concentrated around the nose and lips. Although Christian missionaries tried to stop the procedure, the women maintained that tattoos around their mouths and chins prevented the skin becoming wrinkled and kept them young; the practice was apparently continued as recently as the s.
Why do you think so many cultures have marked the human body and did their practices influence one another? In many cases, it seems to have sprung up independently as a permanent way to place protective or therapeutic symbols upon the body, then as a means of marking people out into appropriate social, political or religious groups, or simply as a form of self-expression or fashion statement.
Yet, as in so many other areas of adornment, there was of course cross-cultural influences, such as those which existed between the Egyptians and Nubians, the Thracians and Greeks and the many cultures encountered by Roman soldiers during the expansion of the Roman Empire in the final centuries B.
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Smithsonian Channel. Video Contest. Games Daily Sudoku. Universal Crossword. Daily Word Search. Mah Jong Quest. Subscribe Top Menu Current Issue. Archaeology U. History World History Video Newsletter. This mummified head of a woman from the pre-Inca Chiribaya culture, located at the Azapa Museum in Arica, Chile, is adorned with facial tattoos on her lower left cheek. Joann Fletcher. The tattooed right hand of a Chiribaya mummy is displayed at El Algarrobal Museum, near the port of Ilo in southern Peru.
The Chiribaya were farmers who lived from A. A tattooed predynastic female figurine c. Small bronze tattooing implements c. This blue bowl c.
Archived from the original on 21 May May 15th at PM. The Pele style is three longitudinal lines, inscribed on the cheeks. Star Africa. The facial marks on the child assigns the child full clan membership rights.
History of facial markings. The World's Oldest Horse Breed
Plastic surgery started in France and W. Germany after they met polish Huzars in fight! Wow, what a beautiful, unique, and awesome blog. I had never seen or heard about the tribal marks until I visited this page. Thanks for sharing this information with us. It has helped me to appreciate our diverse and rich culture of the African tribes. Check out our writing site by clicking on Quality Custom Case Study.
Post a Comment. September 19, They are nomads with cattles,by origin from countries in Western Africa. They are divided to many main branches and every branch have a different marks "Shluh" on their faces..
She has also unique black tatoo on her lips The belief for making these marks are the same as in Yoruba belief explained above. Most tribes in Africa give marks to their people for spiritual protection against evil spirit,another person who want to do them harm or bad luck in their life. Among Ghanaians and other Africans fetish priests, Shamans or herbalists are the ones who prescribe these marks.
They cut the body and powerful herbs with spiritual potency are inserted in to heal with the body for the future protection against evil. The cuts are made on the hips,wrists,stomach or shoulders. Apart from spiritual and religious purposes, facial marks are given to certain people for the treatment of illness especially children.
In this case, traditional healers do incisions on the children's face or body to treat them for ailments like convulsion, pneumonia and measles. The medical marks can be made on any part of the body where the ailment afflicts that person. These marks are usually very small and some are very difficult to spot. Datoga tribe women of Tanzania. Some people belong to a certain tribes that don't encourage tribal marks but admire certain patterns thus, these can decide to have their faces marked and in this case, it is for beautification and not identification.
Typical Ghanaian Fante tribal mark of beautification. Tribal marks are mostly given to people at a very young age most especially when they are babies. The people who make these marks use either razor blades or sharp knives to cut the face and they have native dye, pigmentation or black paste usually from grinded charcoal dust which is put into the open wound to stain the marks, stop the bleeding and to make the wound heal fast.
It is the black paste applied to the wound that makes the mark permanent and never fade away growing alongside the bearer. Afar Woman, Ethiopia. Somba tribe man. Girl from Dori region in Burkina Faso. It may be a small spot between the nostrils, or it may extend over the whole nose. A snip might be connected to a blaze or stripe. Or, a horse may have a star and a snip. A strip is a band of white that extends in a more or less even stripe down the bridge of the nose.
A strip may connect to a star at the top and extend to the white markings on the horse's nose. Or they may be broken so there are three separate facial markings on the face, a star, strip and snip. The strip is quite narrow, only an inch or two wide and stays on top of the nasal bone. A strip may also be called a stripe. A blaze covers the whole bridge of the nose, from the forehead area, down to the nose.
Blazes can be very symmetrical, or they can wander down the face unevenly. The difference between a strip and a blaze is the width, as blazes cover most of the horse's face between the ridges of the bone. A bald face is covered with a much wider white marking than a blaze.
The white areas extend from the forehead to the nose, and from side to side beyond the eye area to the cheekbones. The whole nose and muzzle area can be white. It's not uncommon to see bald faced horses with blue eyes. Horses with a lot of white on their noses may be more prone to sunburn. Bald faces are common in some Paint and pinto horses as well as Clydesdales.
There are specific names within some breeds for types of bald faces such as apron or medicine hat. An ermine is a small colored spot within any white area on the horse's face.
Ermines may appear within a star or blaze. The may be round or very asymmetrical. Ermines also appear on leg markings.
TRIBAL (FACIAL AND BODILY) MARKS IN AFRICAN CULTURE
Markings on horses are usually distinctive white areas on an otherwise dark base coat color. Most horses have some markings, and they help to identify the horse as a unique individual. Markings are present at birth and do not change over the course of the horse's life.
Most markings have pink skin underneath most of the white hairs, though a few faint markings may occasionally have white hair with no underlying pink skin. Markings may appear to change slightly when a horse grows or sheds its winter coat, however this difference is simply a factor of hair coat length; the underlying pattern does not change. On a gray horse , markings visible at birth may become hidden as the horse turns white with age, but markings can still be determined by trimming the horse's hair closely, then wetting down the coat to see where there is pink skin and black skin under the hair.
Recent studies have examined the genetics behind white markings and have located certain genetic loci that influence their expression. In addition to white markings on a base coat, there are other markings or patterns that are used to identify horses as with Appaloosa , Pinto or Brindle , as well as artificial markings such as branding. Facial markings are usually described by shape and location. There may be more than one distinct facial marking and if so, will be named separately.
Occasionally, when a white marking extends over an eye, that eye may be blue instead of brown, though this is not consistently seen in all cases. Leg markings are usually described by the highest point of the horse's leg that is covered by white.
As a general rule, the horse's hoof beneath a white marking at the coronary line will also be light-colored "white". If a horse has a partial marking or ermine spots at the coronary band, the hoof may be both dark and light, corresponding with the hair coat immediately above. Where the leopard gene is present, the hoof may be striped even if markings are not visible at the coronary band.
Horses may have isolated body spots that are not large or numerous enough to qualify them as an Appaloosa , Pinto or Paint. Such markings are usually simply called "body spots," sometimes identified by location, i. When this type of isolated spotting occurs, it usually involves sabino genetics. Horses may develop white markings over areas where there was an injury to the animal, either to cover scar tissue from a cut or abrasion, or to reflect harm to the underlying skin or nerves.
One common type of scarring that produces patches of white hairs are "saddle marks," which are round or oval marks on either side of the withers , produced by a pinching saddle that had been worn over a long period of time. It is not yet known what controls their expression, although it is believed that they are not genetic.
Birdcatcher spots occur in many breeds. These spots may occur late in a horse's life, or may occur and then disappear. Ticking or Birdcatcher ticks are markings that involves white flecks of hair at the flank, and white hairs at the base of the tail, called a "skunk tail". These patterns are permanent and probably genetic. It is thought that this roaning effect might be linked to the rabicano gene.
The name comes from a Thoroughbred horse named Birdcatcher, who had white hairs throughout his flank and tail. Scarring on a horse usually results in white hairs growing in over the injured area, though occasionally there may be no hair growth over the scar at all.
A white marking on the crest of a horse's neck artificially created by freeze branding, a form of marking for identification claimed to be nearly painless to the horse. Horses can be uniquely identified by more than just markings or brands.
A few other physical characteristics sometimes used to distinguish a horse from another are:. Some horse coat colors are distinguished by unique patterns. However, even for horses with coat colors that are arranged in a manner unique to each individual horse, these patterns are not called "markings. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. This article needs additional citations for verification. Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources.
Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. Shorter marking is sometimes called a "fetlock" or a "sock," taller marking is clearly a sock.
A hot brand on a horse. Main articles: Equine coat color and Equine coat color genetics. Equine coat colors. Black Chestnut also known as Sorrel. Bay Seal brown. Dominant white Sabino-white Lethal white syndrome. Horse markings and patterns. Base color variations primarily UK English. Piebald Skewbald Tricoloured. Varnish roan See also Appaloosa and Knabstrupper.
Roan Rabicano. Category:Horse coat colors. Colored areas, usually white, on a horse that differ from the body color. Categories : Horse coat colors Identification of domesticated animals. Hidden categories: Articles needing additional references from July All articles needing additional references Articles with short description.