Oral sex intercourse risks-What is oral sex? - NHS

Back to Sexual health. Oral sex is when you stimulate your partner's genitals with your mouth, lips or tongue. This could involve sucking or licking their penis also called fellatio , vagina, vulva or clitoris cunnilingus , or anus anilingus. If you're going to have oral sex with your partner, try different techniques until you find out what you both enjoy. Get more tips on how to have a healthy sex life.

The relative importance of oral sex as a route for the transmission of viruses is likely to increase as other, higher risk sexual practices are avoided for fear of acquiring HIV infection. Fellatio, cunnilingus and analingus Herpes An STD caused by herpes simplex virus is the commonest cause of genital ulceration. The sexual practices of adolescent virgins: Genital sexual activities of Oral sex intercourse risks school students who have never had vaginal intercourse. Pharyngeal gonorrhea: an important reservoir of infection? Some people with disability may need additional support

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A prospective study of pharyngeal gonorrhoea riwks inconsistent condom use for Truecelebs naked pictures sex Oral sex intercourse risks female brothel-based sex workers in Singapore. Many genital, urinary tract, or rectal chlamydia infections have no symptoms. The report comes from the results of a computer-administered survey of over 12, Americans between the ages of Oral sex intercourse risks and 44, and states that over half the teenagers questioned have had oral sex. Areas of infection: Iinfection of the immune system throughout the body. For oral sex. Cornett PA, Volberding P. Risk factors for oral human papillomavirus in adults infected and not infected with human immunodeficiency virus. No HIV-1 transmission through lesbian sex. World Health Organization. Sex and Society, Volume 1. By Anthea Levi November 16, The Advocate. Flu inercourse. This is apparent in the two Latin words for the act: irrumare to penetrate orallyand fellare to ris,s penetrated orally.

Oral sex , sometimes referred to as oral intercourse , is sexual activity involving the stimulation of the genitalia of a person by another person using the mouth including the lips, tongue, or teeth and the throat.

  • We hope not—but it's worth asking a gynecologist for the facts.
  • My immediate reaction to that was: Well, but there are fewer health-related risks, right?
  • Oral sex , sometimes referred to as oral intercourse , is sexual activity involving the stimulation of the genitalia of a person by another person using the mouth including the lips, tongue, or teeth and the throat.

Oral sex involves using the mouth, lips, or tongue to stimulate the penis fellatio , vagina cunnilingus , or anus anilingus of a sex partner. The penis and testicles and the vagina and area around the vagina are also called the genitals or genital area.

Oral sex is commonly practiced by sexually active adults. Oral sex can happen between heterosexual straight and same-sex gay or lesbian couples. Many STDs, as well as other infections, can be spread through oral sex. Anyone exposed to an infected partner can get an STD in the mouth, throat, genitals, or rectum. The risk of getting an STD from oral sex, or spreading an STD to others through oral sex, depends on a number of things, including.

Mouth and throat infections by several types of HPV that do not cause warts may develop into head or neck cancer. In addition to the STDs above, other infections such as hepatitis A virus , Shigella and intestinal parasites amebiasis can be spread through giving oral sex on the anus. However, no scientific studies have been done to show whether or not these factors actually do increase the risk of getting HIV or STDs from oral sex.

You can lower your chances of giving or getting STDs during oral sex by using a condom, dental dam or other barrier method each and every time you have oral sex. If you are sexually active, you can do the following things to lower your chances of getting an STD:.

If you think you might have an STD, stop having sex and visit your doctor or clinic to get tested. There are free and low-cost options for testing in your area. External It is important that you talk openly with your health care provider about any activities that might put you at risk for an STD, including oral sex.

Sexual behavior, sexual attraction, and sexual identity in the United States: data from the National Survey of Family Growth. National health statistics reports. Sexual behavior, sexual attraction, and sexual orientation among adults aged in the United States: data from the National Survey of Family Growth. Clinical Manifestations of Syphilis. Sexually Transmitted Diseases. Fourth ed. New York: McGraw-Hill; ; Dooley SW, Thrun M. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.

Chlamydia trachomatis in the pharynx and rectum of heterosexual patients at risk for genital infection. Annals of Internal Medicine ; Prevalence, incidence and risk factors for pharyngeal chlamydia in the community based Health in Men HIM cohort of homosexual men in Sydney, Australia. Sexually Transmitted Infections ; Occurrence of pharyngeal Chlamydia trachomatis is uncommon in patients with a suspected or confirmed genital infection. Acta Obstetricia et Gynecologica ; Chlamydia trachomatis and Neisseria gonorrhoeae infection and the sexual behaviour of men who have sex with men.

Etiologies of nongonococcal urethritis: bacteria, viruses and the association with orogenital exposure. Journal of Infectious Diseases 6 A. Incidence and risk factors for urethral and anal gonorrhoea and chlamydia in a cohort of HIV-negative homosexual men: the Health in Men Study. Chlamydia trachomatis and Neisseria gonorrhoeae transmission from the oropharynx to the urethra among men who have sex with men. Clinical Infectious Diseases ; Sexually transmitted diseases in men who have sex with men.

Sexually Transmitted Diseases ; Stamm WE. Chlamydia trachomatis Infections of the Adult. Sexually transimitted diseases treatment guidelines, Pelivc Inflammatory Disease. Hitti J, Watts DH. Bacterial Sexually Transmitted Infections in Pregnancy.

Gonoccal and Chlamydial Infections in Infants and Children. A systematic review of the epidemiologic interactions between classic sexually transmitted diseases and HIV: how much really is known?.

From epidemiological synergy to public health policy and practice: the contribution of other sexually transmitted diseases to sexual transmission of HIV infection. World Health Organization. Colven R. Coincident acquisition of Neisseria gonorrhoeae and HIV from fellatio.

Lancet ; A prospective study of pharyngeal gonorrhoea and inconsistent condom use for oral sex among female brothel-based sex workers in Singapore. Orogenital Contact and the Isolation of Neisserioa gonorrhoeae, Mycoplasma hominis, and Ureaplasma urealyticum from the Pharynx. Promoting condoms for oral sex: impact on pharyngeal gonorrhea among female brothel-based sex workers. Gonococcal Infections in the Adult. Gonorrhea as a risk factor for HIV acquisition.

AIDS ; The resurgence of syphilis among men who have sex with men. Current Opinion in Infectious Diseases ; Transmission of primary and secondary syphilis by oral sex—Chicago, Illinois, Lessons from the syphilis outbreak in homosexual men in east London. The re-emergence of syphilis in the United Kingdom: the new epidemic phases. Campos-Outcalt D, Hurwitz S. Female-to-female transmission of syphilis: a case report. The syphilis-HIV interdependency.

Ocular syphilis acquired through oral sex in two HIV-infected patients. Netherlands Journal of Medicine ; Epidemic syphilis among homosexually active men in Sydney.

Medical Journal of Australia ; Congenital Syphilis. Transmission of herpes simplex virus types 1 and 2 in a prospective cohort of HIV-negative gay men: the health in men study.

Journal of Infectious Diseases ; Recurrences after oral and genital herpes simplex virus infection. Influence of site of infection and viral type. New England Journal of Medicine ; Herpes simplex virus type 1 as a cause of genital herpes: impact on surveillance and prevention. First episodes of genital herpes in a Swedish STD population: a study of epidemiology and transmission by the use of herpes simplex virus HSV typing and specific serology.

Corey L, Wald A. Genital Herpes. Whitley RJ. Herpes Simplex Virus. In: Wallace RB, ed. Public Health and Preventive Medicine. Emergence of herpes simplex type 1 as the main cause of recurrent genital ulcerative disease in women in Northern Ireland.

Journal of Clinical Virology ; Acta Dermato-Venereologica ; Age, sexual behavior and human papillomavirus infection in oral cavity and oropharyngeal cancers.

International Journal of Cancer ; A comparison of risk factors in juvenile-onset and adult-onset recurrent respiratory papillomatosis. Laryngoscope ; Case-control study of human papillomavirus and oropharyngeal cancer. Risk factors for oral human papillomavirus in adults infected and not infected with human immunodeficiency virus. Differences in history of sexual behavior between patients with oropharyngeal squamous cell carcinoma and patients with squamous cell carcinoma at other head and neck sites.

Oral sexual behaviors associated with prevalent oral human papillomavirus infection. Oral human papillomavirus infection in adults is associated with sexual behavior and HIV serostatus. Gender differences in sexual biomarkers and behaviors associated with human papillomavirus, , and seroprevalence.

A study to estimate the prevalence of upper respiratory tract papillomatosis in patients with genital warts. Extralaryngeal HPV infections in male patients with adult-onset laryngeal papillomatosis. European Archives of Oto-Rhino-Laryngology ;

Treatment There is no cure for HIV, but antiviral and other medicines can help people with HIV live longer with a better quality of life. In contrast to historical views on fellatio, cunnilingus is revered as a spiritually fulfilling practice in Chinese Taoism , which regards it as having the ability to enhance longevity. You can opt out at any time or find out more by reading our cookie policy. Even with treatment, oral lip, mouth and throat infections: Can be spread to others, including sex partners. The epidemiology and risk factors of head and neck cancer: a focus on human papillomavirus. Human Papillomavirus. Oral transmission of HIV.

Oral sex intercourse risks. Risk of Other Infections

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Oral sex: sexually transmitted infection risks

Oral sex , sometimes referred to as oral intercourse , is sexual activity involving the stimulation of the genitalia of a person by another person using the mouth including the lips, tongue, or teeth and the throat. Cunnilingus is oral sex performed on the vulva or vagina , while fellatio is oral sex performed on the penis.

Oral sex may be performed as foreplay to incite sexual arousal before other sexual activities such as vaginal or anal intercourse , [1] [3] or as an erotic and physically intimate act in its own right. However, the transmission risk for oral sex, especially HIV transmission, is significantly lower than for vaginal or anal sex.

Oral sex is often regarded as taboo , [1] but most countries do not have laws which ban the practice. Commonly, people do not regard oral sex as affecting the virginity of either partner, though opinions on the matter vary. Oral sex may be practiced by people of any sexual orientation.

Facesitting is a form of oral sex in which the receiver sits on the giver's face and pushes into it with his or her genitals.

Oral sex can also be performed by both partners at the same time in the so-called "sixty-nine" position. Autofellatio is a possible but rare variant; autocunnilingus may also be possible for women with extremely flexible spines. An act of group sex restricted to one woman giving oral sex to several men is referred to as a gangsuck , blowbang or lineup , all derivatives of the slang term gang bang for group sex. Bukkake and gokkun may also involve oral sex. Oral sex is commonly used as a means of preserving virginity , especially among heterosexual pairings; this is sometimes termed technical virginity which additionally includes anal sex , mutual masturbation and other non-penetrative sex acts, but excludes penile-vaginal sex.

Gay males who regard oral sex as a way of maintaining their virginities view penile-anal penetration as resulting in virginity loss, while other gay males may define oral sex as their main form of sexual activity.

Oral sex alone cannot result in pregnancy and heterosexual couples may perform oral sex as their method of contraception. In humans, there is no connection between the gastrointestinal system and the reproductive system , [nb 1] and sperm ingested by the woman would be killed and broken down by acids in her stomach and proteins in the small intestine. The breakdown products are then absorbed as a negligible quantity of nutrients.

However, there is a potential risk of pregnancy if semen comes in contact with the vaginal area in some way, such as semen in the ejaculate finding its way onto fingers, hands, or other body parts, which then comes in contact with the vaginal area. Oral sex is not necessarily an effective method of preventing sexually transmitted infections STIs , although some forms of STIs are believed to be less commonly spread in this way, and oral sex has been recommended as a form of safe sex.

Oral sex should be limited to the protected areas. A makeshift dental dam can be made out of a condom [22] or a latex or nitrile glove , [23] but using a real dental dam is seen as preferable; this is because real dental dams cover a larger area, avoid accidents caused by "slipping" outside the covered area, and avoid the risk that makeshift versions may be accidentally damaged or poked with the scissors during the cutting procedure.

Plastic wrap may also be used as a barrier during oral sex, but there exists no conclusive scientific research regarding how effective it may or may not be at preventing disease transmission. Certain kinds of plastic wrap are manufactured to be microwaveable and are designed to have pores that open when heated, but there also exists no scientific research on what effect, if any, this has on disease transmission when used during oral sex.

A report issued in September by the National Center for Health Statistics was the basis of an article in the September 26, issue of Time magazine. The report comes from the results of a computer-administered survey of over 12, Americans between the ages of 15 and 44, and states that over half the teenagers questioned have had oral sex.

While some headlines have interpreted this as evidence that oral sex among teenagers is "on the rise", this was the first comprehensive study of its kind to examine the matter. Chlamydia , human papillomavirus HPV , gonorrhea , herpes , hepatitis multiple strains , and other sexually transmitted infections STIs , can be transmitted through oral sex. Risk of STI infection, however, is generally considered significantly lower for oral sex than for vaginal or anal sex, with HIV transmission considered the lowest risk with regard to oral sex.

There is an increased risk of STI transmission if the receiving partner has wounds on his or her genitals, or if the giving partner has wounds or open sores on or in his or her mouth, or bleeding gums. Because of the aforementioned factors, medical sources advise the use of condoms or other effective barrier methods when performing or receiving oral sex with a partner whose STI status is unknown.

Links have been reported between oral sex and oral cancer with human papillomavirus HPV -infected people. The study found that 36 percent of the cancer patients had HPV compared to only 1 percent of the healthy control group. Another study in The New England Journal of Medicine suggests a correlation between oral sex and throat cancer.

It is believed that this is due to the transmission of HPV, a virus that has been implicated in the majority of cervical cancers and which has been detected in throat cancer tissue in numerous studies. The study concludes that people who had one to five oral sex partners in their lifetime had approximately a doubled risk of throat cancer compared with those who never engaged in this activity and those with more than five oral sex partners had a percent increased risk.

Fellatio may reduce the risk of miscarriages by inducing immunological tolerance in the woman by exposure to the proteins in her partner's semen, a process known as paternal tolerance. While any exposure to a partner's semen appears to decrease a woman's chances for the various immunological disorders that can occur during pregnancy, immunological tolerance could be most quickly established through the oral introduction and gastrointestinal absorption of semen.

Cultural views on oral sex range from aversion to high regard. In Ancient Rome , fellatio was considered profoundly taboo. This is apparent in the two Latin words for the act: irrumare to penetrate orally , and fellare to be penetrated orally. Under this system, it was considered to be abhorrent for a male to perform fellatio, since that would mean that he was penetrated controlled , whereas receiving fellatio from a woman or another man of lower social status such as a slave or debtor was not humiliating.

The Romans regarded oral sex as being far more shameful than, for example, anal sex — known practitioners were supposed to have foul breath and were often unwelcome as guests at a dinner table. In contrast to historical views on fellatio, cunnilingus is revered as a spiritually fulfilling practice in Chinese Taoism , which regards it as having the ability to enhance longevity. People give various reasons for their dislike of oral sex. While commonly believed that lesbian sexual practices involve cunnilingus for all women who have sex with women WSW , some have an aversion to cunnilingus due to not liking the experience or psychological or social factors, such as finding it unclean.

There are many words which refer to oral sex, including euphemisms and sexual slang. Like all aspects of sexuality, there exists a large number of variations on a theme, a few common ones being:. Other slang terms for oral sex include going down on male or female , licking out and muff diving female , blow job male , dome male or female , sucking off male , playing the skin flute male recipient , rolling cigars male recipient , lolly-gagging gay male-on-male , gaining knowledge male recipient and bust down male.

Forced fellatio is often called Egyptian rape or simply Egyptian ; this goes back to the time of the Crusades when Mamluks were alleged to force their Christian captives to do this. Oral sex has been observed in the animal kingdom among many species.

These bat pairs spend more time copulating if the female licks the male than if she does not. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. This article is about oral sex among humans. Sexual activity involving the stimulation of the genitalia by the use of the mouth. See also: Cunnilingus and Fellatio. Play media. Sexuality portal. Carroll Sexuality Now: Embracing Diversity. Cengage Learning. Retrieved August 29, Lloyd; Dana S.

Dunn; Elizabeth Yost Hammer Psychology Applied to Modern Life: Adjustment in the 21st century. Retrieved February 26, NHS Choices. January 15, Archived from the original on September 20, Breaking the chain of transmission" PDF. World Health Organization. Retrieved November 26, An Invitation to Health Brief LaRosa New Dimensions in Women's Health.

Laura M. Carpenter NYU Press. Retrieved October 9, Cohen Retrieved October 8, Most people agree that we maintain virginity as long as we refrain from sexual vaginal intercourse. But occasionally we hear people speak of 'technical virginity' [ Halpern-Felsher Virgin: The Untouched History.

Bloomsbury Publishing USA. Retrieved August 24, The social construction of 'sex' as vaginal intercourse affects how other forms of sexual activity are evaluated as sexually satisfying or arousing; in some cases whether an activity is seen as a sexual act at all. For example, unless a woman has been penetrated by a man's penis she is still technically a virgin even if she has had lots of sexual experience.

USA Today. Retrieved August 7, June Archived from the original PDF on May 10, Retrieved August 30, Like a Virgin. The Advocate. Here Publishing. Retrieved March 13, The first time: what parents and teenage girls should know about "losing your virginity".

Conari Press.