Edema is swelling caused by excess fluid trapped in your body's tissues. Although edema can affect any part of your body, you may notice it more in your hands, arms, feet, ankles and legs. Edema can be the result of medication, pregnancy or an underlying disease — often congestive heart failure, kidney disease or cirrhosis of the liver. Taking medication to remove excess fluid and reducing the amount of salt in your food often relieves edema. When edema is a sign of an underlying disease, the disease itself requires separate treatment.
Edema is the medical term for swelling that occurs when fluid becomes trapped in the body's tissues. Bone and tendon anklse. The term anklea means swelling due to the accumulation of excess fluid. Sit Cause swollen ankles feet Day or Text a Lot? Ioli advises. Collagen is an essential building block for the entire body, from skin to gut, and more. For example, if you walk for exercise, use compression-sock therapy later. If a person notices any signs of DVT, they should seek urgent medical attention.
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I performed a few and they have helped tremendously with my foot pain. When it comes to who can get a blood clot, some people are more at risk than others. If these valves stop working properly due to weakness or damage, fluid can seep back down and pool causing swollen feet and ankles. Chances are that you may be having Swollen Ankles, a common condition Mature cumshot clips is seen in many men and women every year. Varicose or Spider Veins. If you are having swollen ankles, it is best to get it treated as soon as possible. Other signs include pain and itching. When to seek emergency medical attention. How this works. Mild swelling that occurs after a day walking around or due to regular pregnancy changes can be improved by elevating your feet. Therefore, people make a few more trips to the bathroom to urinate. Premenstrual syndrome PMS is also a well-known cause of swelling in the ankles and feet. The kidneys Cause swollen ankles feet critical to the body performing efficiently. Arthritis is a common reason for the appearance of swollen ankles in elderly people. It is painful, red, and the leg Cause swollen ankles feet when the bodybuilder applies weight to the body or do activities such as jogging.
Here, we take a look at some of the reasons why a person's feet may appear swollen, when they should talk to a doctor, and what the treatment might involve.
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- Swollen feet can be caused by factors such as overuse, surgery, or pregnancy.
- Here are six ways to reduce swelling and pain at home.
- Swollen feet and ankles are a common problem that will affect most of us at some point in our lives.
- Swelling in the ankles and feet is a prevalent symptom and can have a variety of causes.
Here, we take a look at some of the reasons why a person's feet may appear swollen, when they should talk to a doctor, and what the treatment might involve. Edema is the medical term for swelling that occurs when fluid becomes trapped in the body's tissues.
It usually affects the legs and feet but can also occur in other parts of the body, such as the face or abdomen. Home remedies include wearing support stockings, reducing salt intake, and lying down while raising the legs above the chest.
If the swelling does not improve, a person should talk to their doctor to check for any underlying causes. For example, a sprained ankle, which occurs when the ligaments become overstretched, could cause the foot to swell.
To treat a foot or ankle injury, a person should elevate the foot when possible and try not to bear weight on the affected leg. Using an ice pack or compression bandage can help reduce swelling, and over-the-counter pain relievers can help ease discomfort.
If the swelling and pain do not go away, a person might need to see their doctor to rule out more severe damage. A common symptom of late pregnancy is for the feet and ankles to swell. This swelling is due to fluid retention and increased pressure on the veins. To treat swollen feet during pregnancy, women can elevate their feet where possible, wear comfortable and supportive footwear, and avoid standing for extended periods.
Staying cool, avoiding salt, and increasing water intake can help reduce fluid retention. Wearing supportive clothing, such as tights or compression stockings, should also reduce discomfort and help the swelling decrease. If swelling during pregnancy comes on suddenly and is severe, it could be a sign of preeclampsia.
This is a condition that can occur during pregnancy or immediately after the birth. Symptoms include protein in the urine, rapid excessive fluid retention, and high blood pressure. This is a severe condition that usually occurs in the latter half of pregnancy and can progress to eclampsia, which is even more dangerous and constitutes a medical emergency. If a pregnant woman experiences any of these symptoms, she should speak with her doctor or midwife straight away.
Taking certain medications can result in the feet swelling, especially if they cause water retention. Anyone who thinks that their medication is causing their feet to swell should speak with a doctor, who may be able to alter the dosage or prescribe a different type of medication. Alcohol can cause the body to retain excess water, causing the feet to swell. If the swelling continues for more than 2 days, a person should make an appointment with their doctor.
Recurrent swelling of the feet after drinking alcohol may be a sign of an underlying issue with the heart, liver, or kidneys. Elevating the feet above the heart, drinking plenty of water, and reducing salt intake may all help minimize swelling. Soaking the feet in cold water can also relieve symptoms. During hot weather, the feet can swell because their veins expand to cool the body. This process can cause fluid to leak into the surrounding tissue.
Fluid can also collect in the ankles and feet. Drinking plenty of water and wearing well-fitting, comfortable shoes that allow some ventilation can help prevent the feet from swelling in warm weather. An infection can cause swelling in the feet and ankles.
People with diabetes have an increased risk of infection affecting their feet, so they should remain vigilant for any changes to this part of the body, such as blisters and sores appearing. A doctor will typically prescribe antibiotics to treat infections. Venous insufficiency occurs when a person's blood cannot flow around the body properly.
This is due to damaged valves causing blood to leak down the vessels and fluid retention in the lower legs, particularly around the feet and ankles. A person experiencing any signs of venous insufficiency should make an appointment with their doctor as soon as possible. To treat venous insufficiency, a doctor may recommend making some lifestyle changes, such as taking up exercise to help keep the blood pumping around the body efficiently.
Compression stockings and medication to prevent blood clots can also help. Blood clots occur when the blood fails to flow around the body correctly, causing platelets to stick together. If blood clots develop in the leg veins, they may prevent the blood from moving back to the heart. This can cause the ankles and feet to swell. Deep vein thrombosis DVT occurs when blood clots form deep in the legs.
DVT is a serious condition that can cause a blockage in the major leg veins. In some cases, the clots may break loose and move to the heart or lungs. If a person notices any signs of DVT, they should seek urgent medical attention. A doctor may prescribe blood-thinning medication to treat blood clots. People can help prevent blood clots by wearing tights, compression stockings, or clothing that is loose-fitting around the ankles. Other prevention methods include keeping active and reducing salt intake.
It is also best to avoid standing or sitting still, especially with crossed legs, for extended periods. The lymphatic system helps the body get rid of unwanted substances, such as bacteria and toxins. Lymphedema occurs when lymphatic fluid gathers in the tissues as a result of problems with the lymph vessels.
If the lymph vessels are damaged or absent, lymphatic fluid can build up and lead to infection, slow wound healing, and even deformity. People who undergo radiation therapy or lymph node removal have a higher risk of lymphedema. Anyone who has undergone cancer treatment and experiences swelling should contact their doctor immediately. Treatment options for lymphedema include exercises and targeted massage, which can both help drain the excess fluid.
Wearing bandages or compression garments may also be beneficial. Swelling of the feet could be a sign of heart disease or heart failure. If the heart is damaged, it cannot pump blood to the heart efficiently. Right-sided heart failure can cause the body to retain salt and water, resulting in swollen feet. Treatment options for heart failure include medications, medical devices to help support the heart, and surgery.
People with poorly functioning kidneys may not be able to flush out fluid, which can build up in the body.
Kidney disease may not present any symptoms until it is severe and the kidneys are beginning to fail. Signs and symptoms of kidney failure include:. Treatment options for kidney disease include medication, a low-protein diet, and supplements of vitamin D and calcium. Liver disease can inhibit the production of albumin.
Albumin is a protein that helps stop the blood leaking from blood vessels. A lack of albumin means that the blood may leak, causing fluid to pool in the legs and feet, which can result in swelling. To treat liver disease, a doctor may prescribe medication.
They may also suggest making lifestyle changes, such as losing weight or reducing alcohol intake. Many cases of swollen feet tend to resolve without medical care, although home remedies and lifestyle changes can help reduce the swelling. If the swelling does not go away or it occurs repeatedly, it is essential to make an appointment with a doctor to determine whether there is an underlying cause.
If swollen feet occur alongside shortness of breath, chest pain, or pressure in the chest, call the emergency services immediately. Edema refers to swelling that results from trapped fluid. Everything you need to know about edema.
Edema is a common form of swelling that can affect many parts of the body. Learn more about its causes and treatment here. Steroids can cause swelling in the feet. Treatments for lymphedema focus on draining excess fluid.
I had a total hip replacement in had trouble since the foot has swollen in the last 24 hours and the pain is unbearable. Swollen foot and ankle. Everyone experiences swelling in their legs, feet or ankles from time to time. Swelling in the ankles can be an indicator of heart ailments. To help eliminate swelling while waiting for the appointment, elevate the legs and feet and keep active.
Cause swollen ankles feet. What Causes Foot & Ankle Swelling?
What’s causing those swollen feet? - Harvard Health
Anyone can experience swollen feet from time to time. It's common — especially after walking or standing for long periods — and it's often remedied by resting and elevating those tired dogs. Sometimes, however, swelling also called edema is a red flag for a more serious underlying problem.
When you are on your feet a lot, gravity pulls blood into the veins of your legs, and some of the water in the blood enters the tissues of your legs and feet, causing them to swell.
But there are also some conditions that can cause similar swelling because they affect the movement of fluids within the body. Venous insufficiency. Valves in the veins of our legs keep blood from being pulled down by gravity and pooling in the leg veins.
As we age, those valves age, too, and may function less efficiently. This is a common cause of swollen feet. This painful inflammation of the veins can cause swollen feet and also leg pain. Deep-vein thrombosis. In this condition, blood clots form in the deep veins of the legs. The clots block the return of blood from the legs to the heart, causing swelling of the legs and feet. This can be very serious if it is not diagnosed and treated promptly: the blood clots can break loose and travel in the blood to the lungs, causing a condition called pulmonary embolism.
This can cause breathlessness, pain with breathing, and even death. Usually, the clots occur in only one leg, and so just one leg is unusually swollen. While a new swelling of both legs and feet often is not serious, new swelling of just one leg is always something to bring to your doctor. Heart failure. A failing heart does not pump as effectively as it should. As a result, blood in the leg veins that should be pumped back to the heart instead pools in the veins.
Liver disease. Some liver diseases can lead to low blood levels of a protein called albumin, which is made in the liver. Low albumin levels cause fluid in the blood to pass into the tissues, producing swelling not only of the legs and feet but also other parts of the body, such as the hands and face. Kidney disease.
Fluid can build up in the tissues if disease makes it hard for the kidneys to get rid of excess fluid in the body one of the main functions of the kidneys. Sometimes, swelling in the feet is the first clue that you have heart failure or liver or kidney disease, and your doctor needs to consider those possibilities.
Your doctor will take a medical history and do a thorough physical examination that includes your heart and lungs. The doctor may order blood and urine tests, a chest x-ray, an electrocardiogram, or other tests. Sometimes swollen feet have causes that are not directly related to the flow of body fluids.
For example:. Bone and tendon conditions. Several problems with the bones and tendons in your feet also can cause swelling, although in contrast to the vascular causes they also typically cause pain.
Examples include fractures, arthritis, and tendinitis. Problems with the skin and toenails. As we age, our skin thins. That makes skin more vulnerable to cuts, which then can become infected, causing swelling of the area near the wound. A cut on the foot can cause the whole foot to swell. Ingrown toenails that dig into the skin also can lead to sores and swelling.
Drug side effects. Some medications, such as calcium-channel blockers to treat high blood pressure, can also be the culprit. A little foot swelling is probably nothing to worry about. If you get off your feet and prop them up on a footstool, the swelling should disappear over several hours.
When should you call the doctor? Ioli advises. Finally, don't make your own diagnosis. With so many potential reasons for swelling, it's important to let your doctor drill down to the cause, prescribe the treatment you need, and help you get back on your feet as soon as possible. Disclaimer: As a service to our readers, Harvard Health Publishing provides access to our library of archived content.
Please note the date of last review on all articles. No content on this site, regardless of date, should ever be used as a substitute for direct medical advice from your doctor or other qualified clinician. Harvard Health Letter. Perhaps you're just on your feet a lot, but the swelling also could signal a potentially serious condition.
Published: November, E-mail Address. First Name Optional.