Broad-breasted bronze turkey is the most popular breed among many American families and even the poultry hobbyist. The love for the table fowl is beyond measure and incomparable. The adorable breed shows affectionate love to the owner and even the pets in the homestead. Unfortunately, there is a lot of scant information about them all over the internet despite their popularity across Europe. In this post, you will get to explore detail information about their history and origin, physical characteristics and even some of the common poultry diseases linked to them.
The breed originated when European settlers bred Bornze turkeys they brought to North America with the native turkeys they found here. February Learn how and when to remove this template message. The changes have ended the Broad Breasted Bronze Turkeys' ability to mate naturally. Careful selection for good Bronze breasted turkey, ability to mate naturally, and production attributes will return this variety to its former stature. Corn for Chickens and Other Fowl Fallacies. Bronze turkeys are the product of crossing domestic turkeys brought from England, with the wild turkey. Bronze breasted turkey Hobby Farms. Subscribe Gift a Turke.
Twin city casino ri. History and Origin of Broad Breast Turkey
Your answer will be used to improve our content. The Bronze is a breed of domestic turkey. Views Read Edit View history. They are very beautiful birds and well known for their unique plumage. Please tell us what was incorrect: missing: Your Name:. Bronze breasted turkey speaking, Breastsd Breasted White Turkeys have fairly docile temperaments, with the occasional aggressive tom. Due Brobze their size, they have lost the ability to mate naturally, and Broad Breasted Bronzes in existence today are maintained entirely by artificial insemination. A survey in showed that 87 million Climate model reliability were consumed in America alone over the course of the year. They might not be a fit for your homestead or they could be just right! Photo and info from The Livestock Conservancy and Wikipedia. Young turkeys have very rapid growth and require more protein than Bronze breasted turkey poultry types. When I say small, I mean small though! They are relatively slow to grow.
The Broad Breasted Bronze Turkey is an excellent choice if you want to raise a turkey for meat.
- The Bronze is a breed of domestic turkey.
- A survey in showed that 87 million turkeys were consumed in America alone over the course of the year.
- The Bronze turkey is a breed of domestic turkey which was originated from crosses between the domestic turkeys brought by European colonists to the Americas and the eastern wild turkeys they found upon their arrival.
The North American turkey industry has built its current success on broad-breasted white turkeys. Broad-breasted turkeys whether White or Bronze require artificial insemination to reproduce, a result of the meaty breast which presents an obstacle for natural mating.
In addition, processors have favored the white-feathered birds, whose pinfeathers are harder to detect after cleaning. This has left the Bronze in decline, even though many producers say this breed is calmer and easier to handle than the White. The Broad-breasted Bronze is now bred at only five or six hatcheries in the United States.
It is sometimes crossed with the White turkey and also sold as a backyard hobby bird, but has an uncertain future. The unimproved Bronze is rarer still, with only one hatchery breeding flock and a few scattered university flocks known. The turkey is native to North America and was domesticated by the Aztecs in Mexico years ago. Turkeys were taken to Spain beginning in and rapidly became known across Europe.
The Pilgrims and other settlers brought turkeys with them to New England where they were crossed with wild indigenous stocks. This hybrid type was itself taken back to England where a game keep named John Bull began to select for a broader breast.
He emigrated to Canada and brought turkeys with him, selling them in North America as "broad-breasted" turkeys. The unimproved Bronze is not the same breed as the wild turkey, though they able to interbreed, which is a cause for concern to some wildlife managers. Status: RARE. Less than breeding hens were found in the ALBC poultry survey, although there may be more if the exhibition turkeys are included. We are currently looking for high resolution pictures of any of the breeds.
Please mail your original copies with our email form animal-science-mail-form Please provide a description of this breed as well NOTE: The form can also be used for Comments, Suggestions, and Corrections. All rights reserved. Division Home. Breeds of Livestock, Department of Animal Science. Navigation Home. Poultry Breeds - Bronze Turkey Bronze The Bronze turkey is named for its unusual color, a shimmering green-bronze which appears metallic in the sunlight.
It is found in two types, the Broad-breasted which has commercial uses, and the Unimproved or naturally-mating , for small-scale production. Both are rare in North America. Oklahoma State University Board of Regents.
Updated October 24, Suggestion Box.
The Standard is listed as "Critical", but the exact numbers of Broad Breasted are currently unclear. This article does not have the information I am looking for. They are very beautiful birds and well known for their unique plumage. Average live body weight of the mature Bronze hens is around 7. They are long lived birds and mate naturally but today they have lost the ability to mate naturally due to their large size, and the Broad Breasted variety that is in existence today is maintained entirely by artificial insemination. Decisions are fun, best of luck with yours!
Bronze breasted turkey. Special Notes
Generally speaking, Broad Breasted White Turkeys have fairly docile temperaments, with the occasional aggressive tom. Since consumers raising their own meat often purchase sexed males, the flocks can get rather angsty towards butcher time as the males mature. On top of their fast rate of growth, Broad Breasted Whites produce more meat than any other turkey breed. They also produce a large amount of sought after breast meat, a well-loved favorite of many people.
Generally, the sole purpose of turkey keeping is not egg production. However, the beautiful speckled eggs they produce are definitely a gorgeous bonus. Broad Breasted White Turkeys are not the best for egg production, unfortunately. These birds run into some health issues as they reach adulthood. Young turkeys have very rapid growth and require more protein than most poultry types. Your birds can remain on this flock raiser until it comes time for butchering. Since these are such large birds, they will undoubtedly require a large amount of space.
Inside your coop, you will need to provide a minimum of ten square feet per adult bird to make sure everyone has enough space.
When providing roosts, take care to place them no more than 18 inches off the ground. Jumping off high places for large birds such as a turkey causes leg and feet issues after an extended period. If your turkeys are kept in a fenced-in area, a half acre is adequate spacing for a dozen turkeys. Your most significant concerns will most likely be unrestrained large dogs. As with many heavily streamlined production breeds like White Leghorn chickens and Cornish X chickens, so much focus is put into one trait that other things such as health fall by the wayside.
Once these turkeys reach their full weight, they will begin to slowly deteriorate. Heart issues, respiratory complications, and joint issues will likely bother your birds if they are kept long past butchering time. Unfortunately, nothing can be done about this other than to process on time or raise better-rounded breeds that can tolerate longer lives.
Another challenge in raising this breed is the fact they are generally unable to breed naturally. Although this breed ends up on the other side of the size spectrum, Midget Whites were modeled after Broad Breasted Whites. Midget Whites share many of the same characteristics as Broad Breasted Whites, but without the challenges with breeding and health. When I say small, I mean small though! A great deal of confusion exists about the difference between Standard and Broad Breasted Bronzes, or that there is any difference at all.
Collectively, the Standard and Broad Breasted varieties are simply called the Bronze turkey. Bronze turkeys are the product of crossing domestic turkeys brought from England, with the wild turkey. These matings produced a bird that was larger and more robust than the European turkeys, and tamer than wild turkeys.
Though the Bronze turkey type was created in the 18th century, the actual name was not used until the s, when a strain developed in the U. The name later spread to be used in reference to the breed as a whole, and was in the process simplified to just "Bronze". Later, beginning in the late 19th and early 20th centuries, some Bronze turkeys were selected for larger size.
Apart from the difference in size, the plumage of the Standard Bronze is usually lighter and more lustrous than that of the Broad Breasted. Both have a brown color which is highlighted by shades of copper and blue-green, and the plumage overall is very similar to that of the wild turkey. The Broad Breasted Bronze went on to dominate the commercial turkey industry for twenty years after its development, until the Broad Breasted White became the breed of choice. Due to their size, they have lost the ability to mate naturally, and Broad Breasted Bronzes in existence today are maintained entirely by artificial insemination.
Having retained the ability to reproduce naturally among other traits , the Standard Bronze is considered to be a variety of heritage turkey. The Standard is listed as "Critical", but the exact numbers of Broad Breasted are currently unclear.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.
Bronze Turkey Characteristics & Breed Information | Modern Farming Methods
The delicious flavor in the meat and the beautiful copper bronze plumage makes Bronze Turkey standout from rest of the Turkey breeds. Broad breasted are reared more for commercial purpose due to its meat quantity. Broad-Breasted Bronze feathers are copper bronze, with a background of brown and black, and white bars on the tail a coloration is very similar to wild turkeys. Bronze turkeys stand 4 feet tall, with a 15 to 18 inch tail and a 6 foot wing span. The wings are carried well up on the sides, the tail is long with broad feathers and the head is long , deep, and broad with prominent eyes.
Broad-Breasted Bronze Turkeys are ready to process between 16 to 22 weeks of age. The Broad-Breasted Bronze young hens weigh around 20 pounds to toms around 29 pounds. Fully matured Broad-Breasted toms can weigh up to 38 pounds. It can breed naturally, feed less and has potentially less leg problems. The delicious flavor in the meat and the feather coloring is the same in both breeds Standard and Broad Breasted. The Bronze turkey originated from the cross between domestic turkeys brought by European colonists to America and the eastern species of North American wild turkeys.
The beautiful coppery brown plumage was larger, easy to tame and better than wild turkeys and domestic ones. The brown dominated the commercial turkey meat industry then. The American Poultry Association recognized the Bronze variety in During s, the broader breasted bronze turkey got introduced from England to the United states. These were crossed with larger and faster growing American stock birds.
This resulted in the Broad Breasted Bronze , which had more meat and fast growth. Commercial Turkey meat industries loved bronze variety for their performance abilities. But due to their vigorous growth and broad breasted , they were unable to mate naturally.
Artificial insemination was carried out to produce young ones. Today, the Broad-breasted Bronze is no longer used by the turkey industry , but it is promoted for seasonal, small-scale production. The Broad-breasted Bronze is now bred at only five or six hatcheries in the United States. It is sometimes crossed with the White turkey and also sold as a backyard hobby bird.
However, [Read More]. If you are a human, do not fill in this field. Home Poultry Turkey Bronze Turkey Characteristics The delicious flavor in the meat and the beautiful copper bronze plumage makes Bronze Turkey standout from rest of the Turkey breeds.
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