In Hesiod 's Theogony , they are the brothers: Brontes, Steropes, and Arges , who provided Zeus with his weapon the thunderbolt. In Homer 's Odyssey , they are an uncivilized group of shepherds, the brethren of Polyphemus encountered by Odysseus. Cyclopes were also famous as the builders of the Cyclopean walls of Mycenae and Tiryns. The fifth-century BC playwright Euripides wrote a satyr play entitled Cyclops , about Odysseus' encounter with Polyphemus. Mentions of the Hesiodic and the wall-builder Cyclopes also figure in his plays.
Strength and force and contrivances were in their Goodbye virgin. Once Cyckops and launched in his ship, Odysseus makes the mistake of revealing his identity, Cyclops odessey have a wife the blind Polyphemus, who heaves a rock and almost sinks Odysseus's ship. The Mousai MusesCyclops odessey have a wife Phillippos, reduce the swollen wound of love. The Cyclopes singular: Cyclops were gigantic, one-eyed beings with enormous strength. Paintings that include Polyphemus in the story of Acis and Galatea can be grouped according to their themes. All this fine flock is Striped drappery fabric, and many more roam in the dales or shelter in the woods or in odeseey caves are folded; should you chance to ask how many, that I could not tell: a poor man counts his flocks. Polyphemus shouts that "Noman" has ruined him, and his neighbors taking him literally mock him and refuse to help. We of the Kyklopes race care nothing for Zeus and for his aegis; we care for none of the gods in heaven, being much stronger ourselves than they are. Polyphemus imprisons Odysseus and his remaining companions, presumably to be eaten at the rate of two a day. Although there are some earlier Cydlops to Cyclopd story of the Cyvlops of Polyphemus for the sea-nymph Galatea and her preference for the human shepherd Acis, the best known source is a lost play by Philoxenus of Cytheraof which a few fragments and several accounts are left.
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When the Greek hero Odysseus was cast ashore on the coast of Sicily , he fell into the hands of Polyphemus, who shut him up with 12 of his companions in his cave and blocked the entrance with an enormous rock.
- It is, in part, a sequel to the Iliad , the other Homeric epic.
- Daughter of Cyclops and Jean Grey of Earth
- The myth of Odysseus and the Cyclops is one of the most known Greek myths, narrated by Homer in his Odyssey.
- His name means "abounding in songs and legends".
His name means "abounding in songs and legends". Some later Classical writers link his name with the nymph Galatea and present him in a different light. In Homer's epic, Odysseus lands on the island of the Cyclopes during his journey home from the Trojan War and, together with some of his men, enters a cave filled with provisions. When the giant Polyphemus returns home with his flocks, he blocks the entrance with a great stone and, scoffing at the usual custom of hospitality , eats two of the men.
Next morning, the giant kills and eats two more and leaves the cave to graze his sheep. After the giant returns in the evening and eats two more of the men, Odysseus offers Polyphemus some strong and undiluted wine given to him earlier on his journey. Drunk and unwary, the giant asks Odysseus his name, promising him a guest-gift if he answers.
With that, he falls into a drunken sleep. Odysseus had meanwhile hardened a wooden stake in the fire and drives it into Polyphemus' eye. When Polyphemus shouts for help from his fellow giants, saying that "Nobody" has hurt him, they think Polyphemus is being afflicted by divine power and recommend prayer as the answer. In the morning, the blind Cyclops lets the sheep out to graze, feeling their backs to ensure that the men are not escaping. However, Odysseus and his men have tied themselves to the undersides of the animals and so get away.
As he sails off with his men, Odysseus boastfully reveals his real name, an act of hubris that was to cause problems for him later. Polyphemus prays to his father, Poseidon , for revenge and casts huge rocks towards the ship, which Odysseus barely escapes. The story reappears in later Classical literature. In Cyclops , the 5th century BC play by Euripides , a chorus of satyrs offers comic relief from the grisly story of how Polyphemus is punished for his impious behaviour in not respecting the rites of hospitality.
They have encountered Achaemenides , who re-tells the story of how Odysseus and his men escaped, leaving him behind. The giant is described as descending to the shore, using a "lopped pine tree" as a walking staff.
Once Polyphemus reaches the sea, he washes his oozing, bloody eye socket and groans painfully. His great roar of frustration brings the rest of the Cyclopes down to the shore as Aeneas draws away in fear. The vivid nature of the Polyphemus episode made it a favorite theme of ancient Greek painted pottery, on which the scenes most often illustrated are the blinding of the Cyclops and the ruse by which Odysseus and his men escape.
The blinding was depicted in life-size sculpture, including a giant Polyphemus, in the Sperlonga sculptures probably made for the Emperor Tiberius. This may be an interpretation of an existing composition, and was apparently repeated in variations in later Imperial palaces by Claudius , Nero and at Hadrian's Villa.
Of the European painters of the subject, the Flemish Jacob Jordaens depicted Odysseus escaping from the cave of Polyphemus in see gallery below and others chose the dramatic scene of the giant casting boulders at the escaping ship. Polyphemus is portrayed, as it often happens, with two empty eye sockets and his damaged eye located in the middle on his forehead.
This convention goes back to Greek statuary and painting  and is reproduced in Johann Heinrich Wilhelm Tischbein 's head and shoulders portrait of the giant see below. He stands poised, having already thrown one stone, which barely misses the ship. The reason for his rage is depicted in J. Turner 's painting, Ulysses Deriding Polyphemus Here the ship sails forward as the sun breaks free of clouds low on the horizon.
The giant himself is an indistinct shape barely distinguished from the woods and smoky atmosphere high above. Folktales similar to that of Homer's Polyphemus are a widespread phenomenon throughout the ancient world. Although there are some earlier references to the story of the love of Polyphemus for the sea-nymph Galatea and her preference for the human shepherd Acis, the best known source is a lost play by Philoxenus of Cythera , of which a few fragments and several accounts are left.
Dating from about BC, it links the love story to the arrival of Odysseus and, according to ancient sources, had a witty contemporary subtext. Philoxenos had supposedly had an affair with the mistress of Dionysius I of Syracuse and as a consequence was condemned to work in the stone quarries. Here he is supposed to have composed The Cyclops , with the tyrant cast in the role of the giant, while the successful lovers are the poet and his Galatea.
The Hellenistic poet Theocritus painted a more sympathetic picture of Polyphemus in the following century. The story is recast in the poet's pastoral style, which idealized the simple lives of shepherds. In Idyll XI Polyphemus becomes a young herdsman finding solace in song for his love of the sea-nymph. Its gist centres on the antinomies of earth and water that make them dissimilar and keep them apart, but it concludes on the thought that there are other girls on land who find him attractive.
Where Polyphemus had failed, the poet declares, Bion's greater artistry had won Galatea's heart, drawing her from the sea to tend his herds. In one of the dialogues of Lucian of Samosata, one of Galatea's sisters, Doris, spitefully congratulates her on her love conquest and she defends Polyphemus. From the conversation, one understands that Doris is chiefly jealous that her sister has a lover.
Galatea admits that she does not love Polyphemus but is pleased to have been chosen by him in preference to all her companions. In addition, a later development in the courtship is described by Theocritus in his Idyll VI.
Here two herdsmen engage in a musical competition, one of them playing the part of Polyphemus, who asserts that since he had adopted the ruse of ignoring Galatea, she has now become the one who pursues him.
The happy ending to their story was well known in the centuries that followed and is attested in both literature and the arts. That their conjunction was fruitful is brought out in a later Greek epic from the turn of the 5th century AD. In one of the murals rescued from the site of Pompeii , Polyphemus is pictured seated on a rock with a cithara rather than a syrinx by his side, holding out a hand to receive a love letter from Galatea, which is carried by a winged Cupid riding on a dolphin.
In another fresco, also dating from the 1st century AD, the two stand locked in a naked embrace see below. From their union came the ancestors of various wild and war-like races. A different story appears in Ovid 's Metamorphoses. Galatea, who had fled into her native element, returns and changes her dead lover into the spirit of the Sicilian river Acis. It was this account which was to have the greatest impact in later ages. During Renaissance and Baroque times Ovid's story emerged again as a popular theme.
It is particularly noted for its depiction of landscape and for the sensual description of the love of Acis and Galatea. The atmosphere here is lighter and enlivened by the inclusion of the clowns Momo and Tisbe. In it the giant expresses his fury upon viewing the loving couple, ultimately throwing the huge rock that kills Acis and even injures Galatea.
In Italy Giovanni Bononcini composed the one-act opera Polifemo Shortly afterwards George Frideric Handel worked in that country and composed the cantata Aci, Galatea e Polifemo , laying as much emphasis on the part of Polifemo as on the lovers.
Written in Italian, Polifemo's deep bass solo Fra l'ombre e gl'orrori From horrid shades establishes his character from the start. After Handel's move to England, he gave the story a new treatment in his pastoral opera Acis and Galatea with an English libretto provided by John Gay. The work was first performed in Dresden in and its plot was made more complicated by giving Polifemo a companion, Orgonte. After John Gay's libretto in Britain, it was not until the 19th century that the subject was given further poetical treatment.
At the other end of the century, there was Alfred Austin 's dramatic poem "Polyphemus", which is set after the murder and transformation of the herdsman. The giant is tortured by hearing the happy voices of Galatea and Acis as they pursue their love duet.
In this the giant is humanised; sparing the lovers when he discovers them, he blinds himself and wades to his death in the sea. The play was first performed posthumously in with incidental music by Raymond Bonheur.
Cras took Samain's text almost unchanged, subdividing the play's two acts into four and cutting a few lines from Polyphemus' final speech. There have also been two Spanish musical items that reference Polyphemus' name. Originally written for brass band in , he rescored it for orchestra in Paintings that include Polyphemus in the story of Acis and Galatea can be grouped according to their themes.
Most notably the story takes place within a pastoral landscape in which the figures are almost incidental. This is particularly so in Nicholas Poussin 's "Landscape with Polyphemus" see gallery below in which the lovers play a minor part in the foreground.
In an earlier painting by Poussin from now housed at the Dublin National Gallery the couple are among several embracing figures in the foreground, shielded from view of Polyphemus, who is playing his flute higher up the slope. Another variation on the theme was painted by Pietro Dandini during this period. An earlier fresco by Giulio Romano from seats Polyphemus against a rocky foreground with a lyre in his raised right hand.
The lovers can just be viewed through a gap in the rock that gives onto the sea at the lower right. Otherwise he has a massive club held across his body and turns to the left to look over his shoulder.
Other paintings take up the Theocritan theme of the pair divided by the elements with which they are identified, land and water. There are a series of paintings, often titled "The Triumph of Galatea", in which the nymph is carried through the sea by her Nereid sisters, while a minor figure of Polyphemus serenades her from the land. A whole series of paintings by Gustave Moreau make the same point in a variety of subtle ways.
The visionary interpretation of the story also finds its echo in Odilon Redon 's painting "The Cyclops" in which the giant towers over the slope on which Galatea sleeps. French sculptors have also been responsible for some memorable versions. Auguste Ottin 's separate figures are brought together in an fountain in the Luxembourg Garden. Above is crouched the figure of Polyphemus in weathered bronze, peering down at the white marble group of Acis and Galatea embracing below see below. A little later Auguste Rodin made a series of statues, centred on Polyphemus.
Originally modelled in clay around and later cast in bronze, they may have been inspired by Ottin's work. A final theme is the rage that succeeds the moment of discovery. That is portrayed in earlier paintings of Polyphemus casting a rock at the fleeing lovers, such as those by Annibale Carracci , Lucas Auger and Carle van Loo. Jean-Francois de Troy 's 18th-century version combines discovery with aftermath as the giant perched above the lovers turns to wrench up a rock.
Within Scottish Rite Freemasonry he is regarded as a symbol for a civilization that harms itself using ill directed blind force. The Polyphemus moth is so named because of the large eyespots in the middle of the hind wings. This combines with the Calypso episode and employs special effects. Other films that include it have been the Odissea and the Ulysses see external links below. Flemish Jacob Jordaens ' depiction of Odysseus escaping from the cave of Polyphemus Johann Heinrich Wilhelm Tischbein 's head and shoulders portrait of the giant Landesmuseum Oldenburg.
Arnold Bocklin 's painting of Polyphemus standing on rocks onshore and swinging one of them back as the men row desperately over a surging wave.
Poussin's painting of Acis and Galatea embracing in the foreground, shielded from view of Polyphemus, who is playing his flute higher up the slope.
These finding scenes can be identified several times throughout the epic including when Telemachus and Pisistratus find Menelaus when Calypso finds Odysseus on the beach, and when the suitor Amphimedon finds Agamemnon in Hades. In agony Polyphemus groped about blindly for his tormentors, but the Greeks dodged him all night long. In one of the murals rescued from the site of Pompeii , Polyphemus is pictured seated on a rock with a cithara rather than a syrinx by his side, holding out a hand to receive a love letter from Galatea, which is carried by a winged Cupid riding on a dolphin. The giant is described as descending to the shore, using a "lopped pine tree" as a walking staff. Oxford Univ. People and Themes in Homer's Odyssey. In , BBC Culture polled experts around the world to nominate the stories they felt had shaped mindsets or influenced history.
Cyclops odessey have a wife. Find a Greek Myth
List items. Stepfather of Hope Summers. Daughter of Cyclops and Emma Frost in an alternate future. Son of Cyclops and Jean Grey; created in a test tube by Mr.
Summers-Frost Twins. Daughters of Cyclops and Emma Frost in an alternate future. Cable's adopted daughter; Helps Mutants control their powers if they were born after M-Day. Jeannette Summers. Daughter of Cyclops and Jean Grey in an alternate future. Katherine Summers. Son of Madelyne Pryor and Alex Summers in an alternate world. Cyclop's first wife; Cable's mother. She later became the Goblin Queen. This was especially potent wine, which he and his men had brought ashore in skins.
The Greeks customarily mixed water with their wine to dilute its strength. But the Cyclops had never drunk wine before, diluted or not, and it went straight to his head. With these encouraging words he fell fast asleep. Odysseus jumped up and put his men to work. They put a sharp point on the end of a pole and hardened it in the fire. In agony Polyphemus groped about blindly for his tormentors, but the Greeks dodged him all night long.
Muttering at great length to his ram, he sought sympathy for his affliction. Little did. And, in a similar fashion, his shipmates had escaped beneath the rest of the flock. When Polyphemus realized the deception he rushed to the seaside, where Odysseus and his men were rowing hard for safety.
The hero could not resist a taunt. With a mighty curse Polyphemus threw a boulder which almost swamped the ship.
But the rowers redoubled their efforts. They left the blinded Cyclops raging impotently on the shore. The myth of Odysseus and Cyclops Polyphemus inspired many artists due to the brightness and cunningness of the Greek hero.
I like the story. Odysseus is so mean and even though I was happy that Polyphemus threw that boulder on the ship I was mad because that was also mean. You should never get even with somebody because you may regret it. This is a good life lesson that you should always remeber. The myth of Odysseus and the Cyclops is a great story… it shows heroism, bravery, sacrifice, and smartness. Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment.
POLYPHEMUS (Polyphemos) - Cyclops Giant of Greek Mythology
Odysseus encountered him on his return from Troy and became trapped in the giant's cave. To escape the hero plied him with wine and as he slept plunged a burning stake into his eye. The blinded giant tried to prevent Odysseus' flight by tossing boulders at his ship but, failing that, prayed to his father Poseidon to exact revenge.
Polyphemos also loved the nereid-nymph Galateia and wooed her with music and song. She spurned him for the love of the shepherd Akis Acis , but when the giant spied the pair together he crushed the boy beneath a stone. The celebrated Cyclops in the island of Thrinacia, was a son of Poseidon, and the nymph Thoosa.
In the Homeric poems the Cyclopes are a gigantic, insolent, and lawless race of shepherds, who lived in the south-western part of Sicily, and devoured human beings. They neglected agriculture, and the fruits of the field were reaped by them without labour.
They had no laws or political institutions, and each lived with his wives and children in a cave of a mountain, and ruled over them with arbitrary power. Homer does not distinctly state that all of the Cyclopes were one-eyed, but Polyphemus, the principal among them, is described as having only one eye on his forehead. The Homeric Cyclopes are no longer the servants of Zeus, but they disregard him. Pseudo-Apollodorus, Bibliotheca E7.
Aldrich Greek mythographer C2nd A. He left the other ships at the neighbouring island, took one in to the land of the Kyklopes, and went ashore with twelve companions. Not far from the sea was a cave, which he entered with a flask of wine given him by Maron. It was the cave of a son of Poseidon and a nymphe named Thoosa, an enormous man-eating wild man named Polyphemos Polyphemus , who had one eye in his forehead.
When they had made a fire and sacrificed some kids, they sat down to dine; but the Kyklops Cyclops came, and, after driving his flock inside, he barred the entrance with a great rock.
When he saw the men, he ate some. Odysseus gave him some of Maron's wine to drink. He drank and demanded more, and after drinking that, asked Odysseus his name. When Odysseus said that he was called Nobody, the Kyklops promised that he would eat Nobody last, after the others: this was his act of friendship in return for the wine. The wine them put him to sleep. Odysseus found a club lying in the cave, which with the help of four comrades he sharpened to a point; he then heated it in the fire and blinded the Kyklops.
Polyphemos cried out for help to the neighbouring Kyklopes, who came and asked who was injuring him. As the flock went out as usual to forage for food, he opened the cave and stood at the entrance with his arms spread out, and he groped at the sheep with his hands. But Odysseus bound three rams together.
Hiding himself under the belly of the largest one, he rode out with the flock. Then he untied his comrades from the sheep, drove the flock to the ship, and as they were sailing off he shouted to the Kyklops that it was Odysseus who had escaped through his fingers. The Kyklops had received a prophecy from a seer that he would be blinded by Odysseus, and when he now heard the name, he tore loose rocks which he hurled into the sea, just missing the ship.
And from that time forward Poseidon was angry at Odysseus. Homer, Odyssey 9. Shewring Greek epic C8th B. They have no assemblies to debate in, they have no ancestral ordinances; they live in arching caves on the tops of high hills, and the head of each family heeds no other, but makes his own ordinances for wife and children.
Outside the harbour of the country, neither very near it nor very far from it, there is a small well-wooded isle. For the Kyklopes nation possess no red-prowed ships; they have no ship-wrights in their country to build sound vessels to serve their needs, to visit foreign towns and townsfolk as men elsewhere do in their voyages. When we reached the stretch of land I spoke of--it was not far away--there on the shore beside the sea we saw a high cave overarched with bay-trees; in this flocks of sheep and goats were housed at night, and round its mouth had been made a courtyard with high walls of quarried stone and with tall pines and towering oaks.
Here was the sleeping-place of a giant who used to pasture his flocks far afield, alone; it was not his way to visit the others of his tribe; he kept aloof, and his mind was set on unrighteousness. A monstrous ogre, unlike a man who had ever tasted bread, he resembled rather some shaggy peak in a mountain-range, standing out clear, away from the rest.
Most of my men I ordered to stay by the ship and guard it, but I chose out twelve, the bravest, and sallied forth. I had forebodings that the stranger who might face us now would wear brute strength like a garment round him, a savage whose heart had little knowledge of just laws or of ordinances. We came to the cavern soon enough, but we did not find him there himself; he was out on his pasture-land, tending his fat sheep and goats.
We went in and looked round at everything. There were flat baskets laden with cheeses; there were pens filled with lambs and kids, though these were divided among themselves--here the firstlings, then the later-born, and the youngest of all apart again.
Then, too, there were well-made dairy-vessels, large and small pails, swimming with whey. I was eager to see the cavern's master and hoped he would offer me the gifts of a guest, though as things fell out, it was no kind host that my comrades were to meet. Then we lit a fire, and laying hands on some of the cheeses we first offered the gods their portion, then ate our own and sat in the cavern waiting for the owner.
At length he returned, guiding his flocks and carrying with him a stout bundle of dry firewood to burn at supper. This, with a crash, he threw down inside, and we in dismay shrank hastily back into a corner. Next, he drove part of his flocks inside--the milking ewes and milking goats--but left the rams and he-goats outside in the fenced yard. Then to fill the doorway he heaved up a huge heavy stone; two-and-twenty good four-wheeled wagons could not shift such a boulder from the ground, but the Kyklops did, and fitted it in its place--a massive towering piece of rock.
Then he sat down and began to milk the ewes and the bleating goats, all in due order, and he put the young ones to their mothers. Half the milk he now curdled, gathered the curd and laid it in plaited baskets. The other half he left standing in the vessels, meaning to take and drink it at his supper. Having quickly despatched these tasks of his, he rekindled the fire and spied ourselves. What land did you sail from, over the watery paths?
Are you bound on some trading errand, or are you random adventurers, roving the seas as pirates do, hazarding life and limb and bringing havoc on men of another stock? We have reached your presence, have come to your knees in supplication, to receive, we hope, your friendly favour, to receive perhaps some such present as custom expects from host to guest. Sir, I beg you to reverence the gods. We are suppliants, and Zeus himself is the champion of suppliants and of guests; god of guests is a name of his; guests are august, and Zeus goes with them.
We of the Kyklopes race care nothing for Zeus and for his aegis; we care for none of the gods in heaven, being much stronger ourselves than they are. Dread of the enmity of Zeus would never move me to spare either you or the comrades with you, if I had no mind to it myself. But tell me a thing I wish to know. When you came here, where did you moor your ship? Was it at some far point of the shore or was it near here? Then tearing them limb form limb he made his supper of them.
He began to eat like a mountain lion, leaving nothing, devouring flesh and entrails and bones and marrow, while we in our tears and helplessness looked on at these monstrous doings and held up imploring hands to Zeus. But when the Kyklops Cyclops had filled his great belly with the human flesh that he had devoured and the raw milk he washed it down with he laid himself on the cavern floor with his limbs stretched out among his beasts. Then with courage rising I thought at first to go up to him, to draw the keen sword from my side and stab him in the chest, feeling with my hand for the spot where the midriff enfolds the liver; but second thoughts held me back, because we too should have perished irremediable; never could we with all our hands have pushed away from the lofty doorway the massy stone he had planted there.
So with sighs and groans we awaited ethereal Dawn. Dawn comes early, with rosy fingers. When she appeared, the Kyklops rekindled the fire, milked his beasts in accustomed order and put the young ones to their mothers. Having quickly despatched these tasks of his, he clutched another two of my comrades and made his breakfast of them. This over, he drove his flocks out of the cave again, easily moving the massy stone and then putting it back once more as one might put the lid back on a quiver.
Whistling loud, he led off his flock to the mountain-side; so I was left there to brood mischief, wondering if I might take vengeance on him and if Athene might grant me glory.
After all my thinking, the plan that seemed best was this. Next to the sheep-pen the Kyklops had left a great cudgel of undried olive-wood, wrenched from the tree to carry with him when it was seasoned. As we looked at it, it seemed huge enough to be the mast of some great dark merchant-ship with its twenty oars. I stood over this, and myself and cut off six feet of it; then I laid it in front of my companions and told them to make it smooth; smooth they made it, and again I stood over it and sharpened it to a point, then took it at once and put it in the fierce fire to harden.
Then I laid it in a place of safety; there was dung in layers all down the great cave, and I hid the stake under this. I asked the men to cast lots for joining me--who would help me to lift the stake and plunge it into the giant's eye as soon as slumber stole upon him? The men that the lots fell upon were the very ones I should have chosen--four of them, and I made a fifth. Towards nightfall the Kyklops came home again, bringing his fleecy flocks with him.
He drove all the beasts into the cave forthwith, leaving none outside in the fenced courtyard--had he some foreboding, or was it a god who directed him? He lifted the massy door-stone and put it in place again; he sat down and began to milk the sheep and the bleating goats, all in accustomed order, and he put the young ones to their mothers. Having quickly despatched these tasks of his, he clutched another two of my comrades and made his meal of them.
You have had your fill of man's flesh. Now drain this bowl and judge what wine our ship had in it. I was bringing it for yourself as a libation, hoping you would take pity on me and would help to send me home.
But your wild folly is past all bounds. Merciless one, who of all men in all the world will choose to visit you after this? In what you have done you defy whatever is good and right. He took my present and drank it off and was mightily pleased with wine so fragrant. Earth is bounteous, and for my people too it brings forth grapes that thrive on the rain of Zeus and that make good wine, but this is distilled from nectar and ambrosia. I will tell you, and then you must grant me as your guest the favour that you have promised me.
My name is Noman; Noman is what my mother and father call me; so likewise do all my friends. Then I drove our stake down into the heap of embers to get red-hot; meanwhile I spoke words of courage to all my comrades, so that none of them should lose heart and shrink from the task. But when the stake, green though it was, was about to catch fire and glowed frighteningly, I drew it towards me out of the fire, while the others took their stand around me.
Some god breathed high courage into us. My men took over the keen-pointed olive stake and thrust it into the giant's eye; I myself leaned heavily over from above and twirled the stake round.